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I have 2 simple Biology lab files needed done for this week. I have attached the files.

I have 2 simple Biology lab files needed done for this week. I have attached the files.
Ecological Footprint Name________________________________________________________ Some pre-lab questions for you to answer. 1.What is the goal of this lab? 2.What is an ecological footprint? 3.What is the formula used in the lab to calculate your ecological footprint in hectares for one day? Go to this website to find the answers to following questions: http://www.sustainablescale.org/conceptualframework/understandingscale/measuringscale/ecologicalfootprint.aspx 4.Go to the Footprint of Nations section. What is an ecological deficit? What countries are in an ecological deficit? 5.Go to Limitations. What are two of the limitations of the ecological footprint? Name__________________________________________ Ecological Footprint Lab Activity What is an ecological footprint? The impact of a person or community on the environment, expressed as the amount of land required to sustain their use of natural resources. Your goal during this lab is to determine how much land is required to sustain your daily life based on your activities. Part 1. How big is your footprint in a day? A. Transportation How did you travel yesterday? – I walked – 0 points – I cycled – 5 points – I took public transit – 10 points – I carpooled – 15 points – I used a private vehicle – 30 points (Multiply each score by the number of times you used that method of travel to move from one location to another in one day and add together) Example: I drove to school and then drove home = 30 x 2 I carpooled to the gym and home with my sister = 15 x 2 I biked to the grocery store and home = 5 x 2 Total for example = 60 + 30 + 10 = 100 Total Score for Transportation Score for A- Transportation -Day 1 total score 1._____ B. Water Use How much water did you use? (circle answers for bathing, brushing teeth, and flushing the toilet) Bathing – I did not shower – 0 points – 1-2min. shower – 5 points – 3-6min. shower – 10 points – 10min. shower – 20 points – I bathed in a full tub – 20 points – I bathed in a half-full tub – 10 points – I reused someone else’s bath water – 10 points Brushing Teeth – I left the water running when I brushed my teeth – 5 points – I did not leave the water running when I brushed my teeth – 0 points Flushing the Toilet -I flushed the toilet between 0 and 3 times – 5 points -I flushed the toilet more than 3 times – 10 points Score for B –Water Use -Day 1 total score 1._____ C. Clothing -I am wearing the same clothes today that I wore yesterday most- 0 points some from yesterday – 5 points none from yesterday – 10 points -I always get brand new clothes Rarely – 5 points Sometimes – 10 points Always – 20 points Score for C – Clothing Day 1 total score 1._____ D. Recreation List below the games, sports and activities you participated in during your spare time yesterday. How much equipment did you need to participate? – none or little – 0 points – some – 10 points – quite a bit – 20 points How much land was converted to playing fields, ice rinks, swimming pools, gym space, ski runs, etc. to meet your recreation needs? – none or little – 0 points – some (<1 hectare) - 10 points - quite a bit (> 1 hectares) – 20 points I spent the following amount yesterday on purchases (food, clothing, magazines, sports equipment, etc.) – nothing spent – 0 points – $5 – 5 points – $10 – 10 points – more than $10 – 1 point per dollar (so if you spent $27, that is 27 points) Score for D – Recreation Day 1 total score 1._____ E. Food I ate the following portions of meat: – none…………………..0 points – one portion ……………10 points – two portions ………….20 points – three portions…………30 points This much food was left on my plate: -none ………………..0 points – very little …………5 points – more than a little…….10 points I composted all vegetable and fruit scraps – yes ………………….0 points – no …………………..10 points The food I ate is locally grown: – all …………………..0 points – some ………………….10 points – none…………………..20 points The food I ate was packaged in paper or plastic: – none packaged in paper or plastic ……………………0 points – some packaged in paper or plastic…………………..10 points – all packaged in paper or plastic ……………………20 points Score for E – Food Day 1 total score 1._____ F. Garbage If I were to take everything I threw into the garbage yesterday and put it all into the same container, I would need this size of container to hold it all: – a large box (1 foot x 2 foot) ……………..30 points – a shoebox ……….…….20 points – a coffee cup ………………..5 points – I produced no garbage..…….0 points Score for F – Garbage Day 1 total score 1._____ G. Living Space Calculate in square meters the indoor space that you required to live for the day. Include all the space in your “home”, “school”, etc. (1 sq. meter = 10 sq. feet). Divide the total square meters by the number of people you shared this space with. Home sq.m./# people = _____________ Add these numbers together to get your total square meters School sq.m./# people = ____________ Other sq. m./# people = ____________ Total Square meters = ____________  Daily Score total All day 1 total scores 1.(A+B+C+D+E+F)______ Add these numbers together to get your grand total Total square meters ________________________   GRAND TOTAL = ________ Convert your grand total from above into your personal “footprint” for yesterday by using the conversion formula below: Grand total/100 = Your environmental footprint in hectares (Note: 1 Hectare = 10 000m2) My ONE DAY ecological footprint is ________________ hectares. Multiply this by 365 to determine your yearly ecological footprint. Yearly Ecological Footprint____________________________ hectares Part 2- How many planets does it take to support your lifestyle? Go to the following website: http://www.footprintcalculator.org/ Click on Take the First Step Enter your MC email address and click submit. Answer each of the questions as accurately as possible. Provide extra details for each answer by clicking on “Add details to improve accuracy.” If everyone lived like you, how many earths would be required to sustain your lifestyle? _____________________________ When is your Personal Earth Overshoot Day? _____________________ What is an earth overshoot day? (click on the i next to your personal Earth overshoot day to find out). ____________________________________________________________________________ In 2019, when was the Earth Overshoot Day for humanity? _______________________ How do you think your ecological footprint compares to the average American footprint? Explain. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ What about a comparison between your footprint and that of the average for the world? Do you think your footprint is larger or smaller than that of the world average? Why do you think this? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Click on See Details in the yellow box. What is your ecological footprint in global hectares?_____________________ What is your carbon footprint CO2 emissions in tonnes per year? _______________________ What is your carbon footprint (% of your total ecological footprint)?______________________ Look at consumption category. Slide the mouse along each category to see global hectares for each one. Use Excel to make a bar graph of your food, shelter, mobility, goods and services showing global hectares of consumption. Insert your bar graph below. Click on Explore Solutions in the yellow box. What should be done according to the city option?______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ What should be done according to the energy option? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ What should be done for food? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ What about population? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Obviously, this calculator did not take every aspect of a lifestyle into account. Present your ideas of other things (not taken into account with this calculator) you think could significantly affect an ecological footprint and explain why?
I have 2 simple Biology lab files needed done for this week. I have attached the files.
Name_____________________________________________ Online Groundwater Lab What is groundwater? Groundwater is water found underground (bet you never would have guessed that!). It can move underground through cracks and crevices, around rocks and through spaces in soil particles. Groundwater moves VERY slowly. Eventually it will make its way to the surface and become surface water. Image from Groundwater.org The water table is where groundwater starts. Water saturates the water table so it is known as the saturated zone. Above the saturated zone is the unsaturated zone because water does not saturate that area. The water table can move (raises or lowers) depending on how much precipitation the area is receiving. When there is very little precipitation, the water table is lower. When there is lots of precipitation, the water table is higher so there is more groundwater. Importance of Groundwater Groundwater supplies the majority of people with drinking water so it is essential for our survival. It also helps recharge lakes, rivers, and streams, which means that it adds water to them. Groundwater Contamination Since groundwater is so important for our survival, contamination is extremely detrimental. It can be contaminated by many different pollutants, which can make the groundwater undrinkable. Questions to Answer: Go to the following website: https://www.groundwater.org/get-informed/groundwater/ Click on Groundwater Contamination Read the information and state three possible sources that can contaminate groundwater. 1. 2. 3. Go back to this page: https://www.groundwater.org/get-informed/groundwater/ Click on Quick Facts on the left hand side Using that information answer the following questions: What use withdraws the most total groundwater per day? _____________________________ What percentage of rainfall in the U.S. becomes groundwater? Procedure Now go to the following website: https://authoring.concord.org/sequences/98/activities/438/ded46f71-e660-4f71-883b-e6fcc70ff6bf Click on BEGIN ACTIVITY The Title is GROUNDWATER AND SURFACE WATER Read the information and select STREAM A. Run the model for AT LEAST 6 YEARS. Click the play button (forward arrow) to start the model. Answer the Question: Describe the outcome of Experiment 1: Stream A. How did the groundwater move? Now select STREAM B. Run the model for AT LEAST 6 YEARS. Click the play button to start the model. Answer the Question: Describe the outcome of Experiment 2: Stream B. How did the groundwater move? Answer the Question: What accounts for the difference between Stream A and Stream B? (you do not need to answer the questions in the website, just on this document.) Once you have answered the questions, click next. Read The Water Table and Groundwater Flow Answer the Question: How could putting wells near a stream affect the flow of water in the stream? Click next. Read Vernal Pools. Answer the Question: What does vernal mean? (you have to look it up) Answer the Question: What likely happened to the level of the water table between spring and summer to the vernal pools in the picture? Click Next. Read Human Impact on Groundwater. Now you want to determine the best place to put a well around a stream gaining groundwater to maintain the water level in the stream. For the first experiment, you will add two wells near the stream. Do this by clicking the Add well button and then move your cursor to where you want to drill a well. Place the cursor at the land surface and click to start drilling. Click and hold until the well reaches the proper depth to access the stream. Look at the graphs. The upper graph (Water Level) shows water level in the stream. The lower graph (Well Output) shows the water output of the different wells. Run the model for at least 6 years. Click the Play Button to run the first experiment. Sketch or use Excel or attach screenshots to show the two graphs below. (notice your Well Output graph has two lines, one for each of your wells). Water Level Graph Well Output Graph Now remove the wells and do your second experiment by adding wells far from the stream. Click the play button to run this experiment and let it run for at least 6 years. Sketch or use Excel or attach screenshots to show the two graphs below. Water Level Graph Well Output Graph Answer the question: Where should pumps be placed around a gaining stream (stream in an area with a high water table) to ensure a good flow of water from the wells and maintain flow in the stream? Click Next and read What happened to the water? Answer the question: Identify elements of this system that contributed to the drying up of the Santa Cruz River. Click Next and SKIP THE POPULATION GROWTH ACTIVITY. Click Next Click Start Next Activity (Using Groundwater Wisely) Click Begin Activity Read Recharge Rates Answer the question: What types of sediment/rock will allow for the fastest recharge of aquifers? Click Next and read Runoff or infiltration? Answer the question: Similar amounts of precipitation fall in urban and non-urban areas. Why is a river in an urban area more likely than a non-urban river to flood during heavy rains and dry up during dry periods?